The fluid used during fracking is 99.5 percent water and sand. Fracking uses hundreds of chemicals during its process, but most are biodegradable and can be found in anyone’s home. Sodium chloride and Guar gum are both used in fracking; sodium chloride is also commonly known as table salt and Guar gum is found in ice cream. Opponents of the fracking process like to blow up the internet claiming harsh chemicals are used and leak into the ground causing environmental harm. They also believe the industry tries to hide what chemicals are used from the public because they have ulterior motives. In reality, there is a national fracking chemical disclosure registry online called FracFocus which is available to the public. This website allows people to easily see the chemicals used in the process and explains in detail why each one is used. It also offers the option of searching for wells near you to see a list of the chemicals used at that site. According to the website; FracFocus is continually updating information and adding more participating companies and reported wells from across the country.
Fracking companies aren’t hiding anything from the public. On the websites home page, they recently announced the release of disclosure data to the public in a machine readable (SQL format). This means all you have to do is click a button to download a file that contains the entire disclosure database. Recently the website updated to FracFocus 3.0; a system designed to expand search records, improve accuracy and update educational information on chemical use, oil and gas production and potential environmental impacts. This new system dramatically enhances the sites functionality for the public and state regulatory agencies. The fracking industry isn’t hiding anything; the FracFocus website alone is making sure their information is easy to read and accessible to everyone.